Editorial

Over half a million Roma living in Romania


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Romania’s National Institute of Statistics INS added one million Romanians to the number released as preliminary data after the 2011 census, which brings the total number of Romanians to 20.1 million. 

Demographic data show children up to 14 year old make almost 16 percent of the population, young people 15 to 24 cover 12.3 percent, while the biggest group is made of 25 to 64 year olds – 55.7 percent. Those over 65 make 16.1 percent of Romania’s population, and people above 85 are 1.3 percent of the country’s population.

When it comes to ethnicity, 88.9 percent of those who declared their ethnicity – or 16.7 million people said they are Romanians, while 6.5 percent – or 1.2 million said they were Hungarians. Only 3.3 percent – or 621,000 said they were of Rroma ethnicity, which shows a growth from 2.5 percent in 2002. On the religion front, 18,8 million people chose to declare their faith, and 88.5 of them said they were orthodox, while 4.6 percent were Catholic, 2% percent declared a reformed religion and 1.9 percent, Pentecostal.

Around half of the resident population for whom the marital status was available said they were married, 4.8 million women, and 4.8 million men, while two out of five people were never married. The divorced people hold a weight of 4.2 percent, while 745,000 people said they are living in consensual union.

Out of the total usual resident population aged 10 years and over, 44.2 percent have a low educational level (primary, lower secondary or no graduated school), 41.4 percent, a medium level (post-high school,high school, vocational or foremen education) and 14.4 percent an upper level – university. In October 2011, there were 245,000 illiterate people in Romania, according to census data.

The number of people who left abroad for a period of at least one year, but do not belong to usualresident population, is 727,000 and, “obviously, comprises only a part of external migrants number,” according to the INS.

“The significant under-registration was determined by the fact that, at the critical moment of the census, a large share of these persons were left abroad with their entire families and no one was in the country able to declare the information required for them,” according to the INS.

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